We all dream of saving on the electricity bill, one of the unavoidable and most expensive expenses in all homes. Because gestures as simple as putting on the washing machine, heating a glass of milk, ironing, preparing food, or turning on the light in the room are becoming more and more expensive. Therefore, achieving energy savings in our homes is very important and desired. However, something can be achieved simply by changing some habits and customs and varying domestic energy strategies. Because with just a few simple changes, the electricity bill can be reduced considerably, everyone’s goal.
But, the question is, how to get it? What should we do to save energy at home? How and when will we notice a reduction in the amount of the electricity bill?
The answer summarized would be, by having constancy and determination, the objective is achieved almost immediately because maintaining habits that allow us to achieve this goal and make decisions that can change our lives (and the amount of the electricity bill) is all that is needed to save.
Here, we want to provide you with some simple tips that will precisely help you save energy at home and allow you to spend less each month on electricity. You can apply them all, start with some more accessible and more apparent, and faster results, or gradually apply them all. What is clear is that if you apply them, you will be able to save energy at home and reduce your expenses.
1. Replace all the bulbs you have at home with energy-saving ones.
Since Thomas Edison patented the carbon bulb in 1880 (later, in 1904, he improved it to include a tungsten filament), incandescent bulbs have been the most commercialized and used. But the fundamental problem of this type of light is its light production since it emits light effectively and heats.
That is why the efficiency of these bulbs is very low, if not non-existent because energy is generated in the form of unnecessary heat. In the 90s of the twentieth century, perfect LED bulbs already began to appear, which due to their efficiency and long durability, soon became popular. Today, it is proven that both LEDs and energy-saving bulbs can represent up to 80% savings compared to the traditional bulb since it converts energy only into light and not into heat.
In addition, the life of this bulb is up to ten times longer than that of the conventional bulb. So, if you use only this type of bulb in your home, you will notice a vital energy-saving and, therefore, you will save on the electricity bill.
2. Turn off unnecessary lights and take advantage of natural light.
These are tips that seem obvious, but if we adopt the habit of these small gestures so common and expected in our day to day, such as turning off the lights if we do not need them or the devices that are in the “stand by” function, or if we use appliances only when they are needed or, even, if we know how to take advantage of the light and heat of the sun, little by little we will save on the electricity bill.
In fact, in a country with as many hours of light as ours, taking advantage of the benefits of the “star king” seems obvious. However, we do not take advantage of everything that could and should be, and that is energy, the solar, inexhaustible. Hence, the next tip.
3. Use photovoltaic solar energy panels
We have already commented on how photovoltaic energy works. Today, installing solar energy panels in your home is feasible and produces your energy.
It is the future, but it is also the present. Renewable energies are an option increasingly demanded by society to take care of the environment in these times of environmental emergency. It is also a more than valid option to achieve considerable savings in the expense destined to pay the electricity bill. And among renewable energies, solar energy is the one that we all have more at our fingertips because, as we said in the previous point, we live in a country with many hours of sunshine a day. We could take advantage of it more than we do now. The solar panel system is quite simple and requires little maintenance.
4. Use home automation at home and minimize electricity costs.
Technology is always, or almost always, at the service of humanity. And in the case of home automation, it could be said that it is not only at the service of society but of our pockets because a home that uses home automation efficiently can also save on energy expenditure.
The intelligent use of appliances and light at home, thanks to home automation, can provide us with up to 30% energy savings. Let’s see how. For example, it is controlling the lighting. With home automation, our home will have automatic sensors that adjust the intensity of the light to the presence of people in a room or at the time of day.
We can also automatically control the turning on and off of the lights to prevent them from staying on. The same happens with the air conditioning or heating system, which we can regulate automatically to save energy. And another issue that we can control thanks to home automation is the shutdown of devices with a “stand-by” system.
Today some applications detect those appliances that are on stand-by and manage their consumption or automatically program the on and off of these appliances taking into account the time and time of day in which the price of energy is lower.
5. Adjust the house’s electrical power to your needs without wasting it.
If you efficiently control the use of electricity in your home, and if you have already reduced your electricity consumption to the maximum, but you do not get your electricity bill to show a significant drop, it is because, in all probability, you have more contracted power than you need. Given the complexity of some electricity bills and contracts, it is a fairly common fact, but it is also something that we can solve relatively quickly.
According to the Association of Energy Consumers, citizens give away around $8,000 million each year to electricity companies for having contracted a power higher than necessary. That is why adjusting it to its actual value would mean considerable annual savings on your electricity bill—the much-desired goal. To calculate the power of electricity you need in your home, you have to check the consumption of the different appliances in your house, considering those that are permanently in operation (refrigerator, boiler, etc.), that not all appliances consume their power at once turned on. However, they do it progressively or intermittently, and not all are used at the same time but leaving a certain margin to be able to use some simultaneously.
The consumer association offers a power calculator that will help you estimate the consumption of your appliances to, depending on your needs, adjust the contracted power. But there is also another way to know if you have more contracted energy than you need, a “homemade” way to check it. You must connect at the same time the appliances that consume the most (oven, microwave, ceramic hob, washing machine, dryer, dishwasher, refrigerator, air conditioning or heating, computer, TV, iron, radio, vacuum cleaner, etc.). At that time, and after 10 or 15 minutes of use, if the ICP of your installation does not jump, you have contracted more power than you will ever use and need.